A well pump is often used as a secondary source of water for a home. As you know, a well pump provides a constant water supply and usually has a pressure regulator to push water through the pipes at a consistent rate. But just how far can a well pump push water horizontally?
Well, we have done in-depth research to find the answer and have it below!
A standard well pump is designed to produce a maximum of 25 feet per second of horizontal water pressure. The amount of water pressure a well can generate depends on a well pump's pressure regulator and the length and diameter of the pipes.
A well pump can push water a certain distance. Then it will lose efficiency and begin moving water less far. In this post, we'll discuss the maximum horizontal distance that a well pump can push water relative to its motor size and other factors. With that said, let's dive right in!
What Factors Affect Horizontal Water Pressure In Well Pumps?
The length and diameter of the pipe are the main factors when determining the horizontal water pressure in well pumps.
A standard single-line jet pump can generate as much as 25 feet per second (about 10.5 PSI) of horizontal water pressure. The narrower and longer the pipes than the standard, the more horizontal water pressure the pump produces.
A simple analogy might help: imagine yourself putting your thumb against the nozzle of a garden hose as you try to restrict its flow.
This is how exactly water pressure is determined in well pumps. The narrower and longer the pipe, the more force is required to get the water out of the pump.
In addition, the well pump motor can also affect the amount of water pressure needed to pump water from the well, but only if it's starting to fail.
However, your well pump motor's horsepower does not influence water pressure during operation. It is not a factor in calculating water pressure unless it requires servicing.
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How Far Can A Well Pump Suction Water Vertically?
The pump's ability to suck water up is limited by atmospheric pressure. In this regard, you may choose narrower and shorter pipes to increase the pump's efficiency.
Shorter pipes cause water to travel in short vertical distances as much as possible to minimize the effect of gravity. However, it's improbable that you'll need to go beyond 25 feet per second if you use a standard-sized pump.
What Are The Different Types Of Well Pumps?
A well pump is one of the essential pieces of equipment in any home. It is used to bring water from the ground up to the house so you can use it for whatever you need.
Depending on your needs, you can choose from two types of well pumps: jet and submersible. Jet well pumps are usually installed above ground and rely on suction to draw water out of the well.
Submersible well pumps are underground and use pressure to move the water up through the well.
How Long Should A Well Pump Last?
A well pump has the role of providing a steady water supply. The quality of your well pump will impact the quality of the water you receive and the lifespan of your pump.
As with any mechanical device, your well pump has a lifespan that depends on many factors, including how regularly the routine maintenance is done and how often the pump is used.
A well pump can last 8 to 15 years on average.
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How Can You Tell If Well Pump Is Failing?
Your well pump is there to keep water in your home. Unfortunately, over time, it can become less effective or even fail. The good news is that you can tell if it is failing by looking for some signs.
We have taken the time to look into these signs and how you can tell if your well pump needs servicing.
1. Water pressure is significantly reduced
You could lose water if your well pump loses a significant amount of pressure. This can signify that your pump is working hard to get the water to your home and is wearing out.
The main problem is that it can take a while to notice a decrease in water pressure.
Water pressure is a good indicator of well pump performance, so if you notice that your water pressure has gone down, it’s probably time to call a professional.
2. Faucet erratically spits air
The simplest explanation is that the pump isn't getting enough water from the water table to pump. That's why measuring the water level in your well is important.
If the water level is too low, call a professional. Additionally, air spitting can also be a leaky pipe.
3. Pumping sand particles and silt residues
If your well pump runs too hard (due to age), the result will be a higher-than-normal amount of sediment in the water.
Another reason you have unwanted particles in your water is that the screen that filters these residues might have become clogged or, worse, damaged.
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4. Alarming change in water quality
If your water tastes different than usual, it’s a sign that you should consider getting it tested. Sudden changes in your well water’s color, smell, or taste indicate a pump problem.
5. Erratic pump cycles
A check valve stops the backflow from the pump to the well. A broken check valve can cause erratic pump cycles.
6. Making weird and strange noises unheard before
The most common cause of noisy well pumps is a worn-out impeller.
An impeller is a rotating component in a pump that creates the flow of water by forcing the water against a surface, usually one that moves relative to the water.
7. Soaring energy bills
Suppose you have had rising electricity bills over the past few months. In that case, your well pump is likely working harder than usual, especially if it's showing the signs and symptoms mentioned above.
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How Often Should You Get Your Well Pump Serviced?
Well, pumps work hard. They are exposed to all kinds of weather conditions, from the coldest winter to the hottest summer. They also operate constantly: 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
The main parts of the pump and its components are subjected to heavy wear and tear. Although well pumps are designed to last long, they will eventually wear out.
And when they do, they fail. Checking your pump every once in a while for signs of wear and tear can save you a few hundred dollars in untimely repairs.
You should get your well pumps serviced once every 3 or 4 years.
How Much Does It Cost To Put In A New Well Pump?
If you're considering buying a new well pump for your home, you may wonder about the cost. This estimate may sound high, but it's very reasonable.
The average cost of a new well pump is $3,300. That means you can expect to spend between $1,330 and $5,300 for the pump, installation, and accessories.
You need to consider all factors impacting your final costs. For instance, the number of gallons per minute your well pump can produce will directly affect how much money you will pay for the pump.
If you live in a dry area, your well pump will likely need to produce more than the average gallons per minute. This will increase the price you'll pay for the pump.
In other words, a bigger and higher-capacity pump will cost you more.
You'll find different prices for well pumps, so you must know the types of pumps available before you buy one.
How Much Does It Cost To Replace A Well Pump?
A well pump can help deliver water to your home efficiently and effectively. When you have an old pump, however, it can start to act up and cause issues like excessive water waste and flooding in your backyard.
So, how much does it cost to replace a well pump?
Replacing a well pump can be costly, but the price depends on the well pump type and other factors like the size of the well, severity of the damage, and materials needed to rehabilitate the well fully.
On average, you can expect to pay between $900 and $2,500.
Deep Well Vs. Shallow Well: Which Is Better?
Deep wells also generally offer a greater level of protection against groundwater contamination than shallow wells do. The primary cause of this contamination is usually surface runoff.
Rainwater can wash contaminants from the soil and water into shallow wells, mainly when the wells are located near the property's roadways.
Another advantage of deep wells is that the water in them does not evaporate as quickly as in shallow wells. This means deep wells retain more water than shallow wells, making them more readily available.
The well pump you install must be sized correctly to get the most efficient water flow from your well. When you install a well pump, there are variables to consider when determining the right size and type of pump for your home.
With the correct water pressure, a well pump can easily move water to another part of your property, so take advantage of this powerful device.
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